- Years old:
Every Saturday night, Bill and Sarah leave their son with a babysitter and go out to dinner. One night, Sarah puts on a new, little red dress. When he sees it on her, he smiles and gives a little, surprised shake of his head. She pretends her stomach hurts when Bill wants to make love. But he liked the way she looked in it. Passive aggression is the indirect expression of anger by someone who is uncomfortable or unable to express his or her anger or hurt feelings honestly and openly.
Society teaches that direct confrontation can lead to harmful consequences.
Cognitive therapy and antidepressant drugs are very effective to control negative attitude McCrae, Typical beliefs I am self-sufficient, but I do need others to help me reach my goals. Making deadlines, complying with demands, and conforming are direct blows to my pride and self-sufficiency.
They may follow an erratic path the causes endless tension with others and disappointments for themselves. They have an outlook of always being defeated, which can evoke hostile and negative responses from others who are subjected to the complaints of these individuals.
What is passive-aggressive personality disorder?
Empirically Supported Treatments The most common, is psychological treatment for those individuals who do not see themselves as having a problem. Manifest itself as: resentment, stubbornness, procrastination, sullenness, dawdling, deliberate inefficiency, pretended forgetfulness, unreasonable criticism of people in authority, or intentional failure at doing requested tasks.
These individuals are often overtly ambivalent, wavering indecisively from one course of action to its opposite. Expressing their anger this way is morally favorable to direct confrontation.
The passive-aggressive style may be a way for women to avoid the social stigma and rejection that are often associated with women who are seen as challenging or aggressive in advocating for their own need and wants. Other people are often too demanding.
I have to resist the domination of authorities but at the same ti me maintain their approval and acceptance. An intense conflict between dependence on others and the desire for self-assertion are characteristics of these individuals.
DSM-V Changes Passive-Aggressive Negativistic Personality Disorder will be represented and the by the combination of core impairment in personality functioning and specific pathological personality traits, rather than as a specific type. It is best not to aggressive my anger directly but to show my displeasure by not conforming. A pervasive pattern of negativistic attitudes and passive resistance to demands for adequate performance, beginning by early adulthood and present in a variety of contexts, as indicated by four or more of the following Rotenstein : Passively resists fulfillment Routine social and occupational tasks Complains of personality misunderstood and unappreciated by others Sullen and argumentative Unreasonably criticizes and scorns authority Expresses envy and resentment Toward those aggressive passive fortunate Voices exaggerated and persistent complaints of personal misfortune Alternates between hostile defiance and contrition Does not occur exclusively during Major Depressive Episodes and is not better ed for by Dysthymic Disorder Different from formulations, the DSM-IV description of the disorder places emphasis on the pattern of sullen and irritable moods and negativistic attitudes DSM-IV, APA, Associated Features It is a passive personality condition in which a person seems to actively comply with the desires and needs of others, but actually passively resists them.
If I regard people as too bossy, I have a right to disregard their demands. Their self-confidence is often poor despite a superficial boldness.
CC d content, Shared ly. These clients with PAPD have minimal insight; they fail to admit that they are a major factor in the problems they have. Authority figures tend to be intrusive, demanding, interfering, and controlling.
They are usually forced into treatment, e. They foresee the worst possible outcome for most situations, even those that are going well.
Search for:. Personality Disorders. They will typically not confront others directly about problems, but will instead attempt to undermine their confidence or their success through comments and actions that can be explained away easily so as not to place any blame on themselves.
Counseling is useful in helping the person identify and change the behavior. Rules are arbitrary and stifle me. It is often seen in people who view themselves as peaceful.
The construct validity of passive-aggressive personality disorder
The only way I can preserve my self-respect is by asserting myself indirectly, for example, by not carrying out instructions exactly. s and Attributions.
If I follow the rules the way people expect, it will inhibit my freedom of action. Being controlled or dominated by others is intolerable. I like to be attached to people but I am unwilling to pay the price of being dominated.