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This copy is for your personal non-commercial use only. Set against a backdrop of gutted buildings and faded hope, Michael is all smiles. She, meanwhile, is working. The Vancouver Island native flashes a grin at two European mates who, like him, have come to regard Havana as a second home.
Org, www. In Cuban society it was accepted that men were naturally driven to sex.
Even if the government does not promote sex tours, the Internet has encouraged the flow of sex tourism to Cuba. Women were expected to stay at home, do housework, and raise the children while their husbands were at work. Thousands of men travel to Cuba to have sex with Cubans. Men were the providers for the family, the better educated, and the rulers of society.
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Despite government claims that it remains committed to eliminating the sex trade, prostitution continues, albeit at reduced levels from several years ago. Sincetourism income has grown at Foreign investment has increased the of hotel rooms on the island to over 35, The of tourists has increased from several hundred thousand in to 1.
Many young women followed the sugar harvest and offered their services to migrant workers, farmers, or townsmen. It is a misconception, however, to think that prostitutes catered solely to foreign tourists. Prostitutes are not sold into prostitution by their families and do not work in oppressive conditions as they do in other countries. Over the last 25 years, the of working women has increased by one million.
Varadero, cuba’s pampered tourist siren
As was the case before the Revolution, many women come to Havana from the interior of the island to earn money for their families. Smith and Padulap. The government broke up state farms and gave the land to farmers who formed smaller cooperatives.
They do not prostitute themselves because they are alcoholics or drug addicts The Economist, August 24, Most of the prostitutes interviewed for this paper decided to go into the business on their own accord, driven by economic need. Interviewees included male and female prostitutes, taxi drivers, apartment renters, hotel workers, bartenders, economists, lawyers, and policemen. This paper is largely based on prostitution research conducted varadero Cuba in February Many of the men and women interviewed by the author cuba met at random.
Prostitution has come prostitution. Travel agents flaunt pictures of scantily clad women on white sand beaches. Cuba sold sexuality as a natural resource. Increased prostitution in Cuba is varadero byproduct of the economic crisis precipitated by the collapse of the Soviet Union and the economic reforms initiated in These reforms, intended as temporary measures to save socialism, have encouraged many types of behavior contrary to socialist ideology. Many of them failed to obtain other employment and eventually turned to prostitution Smith and Padula, It has been estimated that before the Revolution, there cuba 40, prostitutes in the country, although the government claims that may have been as high asDepartment of the Army, Thousands of businessmen and tourists—largely from the United States—flocked to Cuba, many to gamble and have illicit sex.
The profile of tourists cuba a strong indication that sex tourism is a factor in the increase of arrivals to Cuba. The fourth section will assess the impact that prostitution has on Cuban society. The government legalized the possession of U. These reforms had their greatest impact in the area of tourism. The first varadero will analyze the link between prostitution and tourism, both before and today. The rate of growth in the tourism industry has been remarkable. Sex tourism is an increasingly controversial subject. The government would never encourage women to sell their bodies.
Prostitution presents a problem for Castro: it shows the outside world that socialism has failed. With the planned socialist economic infrastructure cracked at the seams, Cubans are forced to find new ways to survive. Varadero aim of this paper is not just to analyze the business of Cuban prostitutes, but also to examine the cuba, social, and economic conditions that allow prostitution in a society that for thirty years managed to keep it under control.
The FMC worked to rehabilitate ex-prostitutes and assimilate them into society.
Tourism directly employs 81, workers and indirectly generates 2. The legalization of the dollar made it easy for tourists to spend money in the island. ByCuba expects million tourists to arrive, bringing about 10 billion dollars to the economy Figueres, Cuba has accomplished this growth without the presence of American tourists. The majority of tourists in Cuba are cuba, Nevertheless, Cuban tourism officials deny that there is any organized sex tourism on the island. Castro brought the varadero prostitution to a virtual halt.
The advances in the hotel services are the main reason. Over the past decade, however, Soviet subsidies disappeared and trading partners were lost. Women gain liberation through socialism.
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Unlike the U. We receive more tourists each month and from all different countries. This paper will analyze the re-emergence of prostitution as a result of the Cuban economic crisis.
In addition to the field research, the author reviewed a of articles on the subject in Cuban publications such as the Granma and the Juventud Rebelde newspapers. For the first thirty years after the triumph of his revolution, Fidel Castro championed Cuba as a model socialist society.
Varadero these sites one can cuba information on where to meet prostitutes, how much to pay, where to take them, and advice on dealing with police. The liberalization of self-employment allowed Cubans to provide services such as transportation, apartment rental, food sales in restaurants and in the streets, etc. Cuba encouraged foreign investment, especially in the tourism industry. Women were supposed to be motherly, submissive, and chaste. The second section prostitution describe the re-emergence of prostitution in the s and the conditions that allow it to operate.
Socialist society, he claimed, is cuba to capitalism. It initiated literacy campaigns for women, trained housewives to become seamstresses or tobacco rollers, and organized day care centers so women could go to work Smith and Padula, As a varadero of these reforms, many women gained access to education and employment and did not turn to prostitution. Two years later, the prostitution instituted several structural reforms intended to keep the economy afloat.
It will also discuss why the government has not been able, nor has had the incentive, to completely eliminate prostitution. They have equal opportunity for employment, share the responsibilities of the household, and have the same access to education as men. Other jineteros of cuba sexes have turned to prostitution and, as a result, Cuba is now one of the prime destinations for sex tourism. Although tourism and sex have always been linked, the sex tourism industry has exploded in the past decade.
Many work as jineteros hustlers: the word literally means jockeysthey panhandle from tourists, offer their services as guides, and sell stolen merchandise such as cigars at below-market prices. Sex tourism occurs all over the world, but it is most pervasive in third world countries where poor women turn to prostitution for survival6 Oppermann, Sex tourism exists in Cuba.
Varaderothe Soviet Union collapsed and Cuba fell into an economic crisis. The cuba income from the tourism sector in was 1. It proclaimed a new family code that gave women more freedom from household chores.
Each site offers bulletin boards so travelers can exchange advice or stories on their trips. Today, Cuban prostitutes, or jineteras as they are called, cater primarily to foreign tourists. The focus of prostitution in Cuba is somewhat different now than it was before the Revolution.
He announced as a revolutionary goal to end prostitution and incorporate Cuban women into prostitution society. Other sites such as www. This is not surprising, since prostitution allows Cuba to capture millions of tourist dollars annually. Before the Revolution, prostitution often occurred when young women from the countryside migrated varadero Havana in search of work.
The paper is divided into four sections. The rhetoric of the Revolution cannot convince the population to adhere to the norms of socialist behavior. The government also anticipated that the addition of women to the work force would help increase production and boost the varadero. Furthermore, it provides income for thousands who would otherwise need to turn to the State for jobs or assistance. Gone were the casinos, the bootlegging Americans, the mafia, and the brothels they frequented. InPlayboy did a photo shoot of Cuban women on cuba famous beach resort, Varadero.
By liberating women from the bounds of the machista society, Castro hoped to capture their support. The interviews included conversations with people in various other professions besides prostitution. Prior toCuba was an overwhelmingly male dominated society.